The past year has seen a flood of articles commemorating the end of the Cold War, and the fact that "peace" seems to be breaking out in many regions of the world. Most of these analyses lack any larger conceptual framework for distinguishing between what is essential and what is contingent or accidental in world history, and are predictably superficial.
Smaller classes, higher achievement and narrowing the opportunity gap Baker, B. Although it is certainly plausible that other uses of the same money might be equally or even more effective, there is little evidence to support this … Smaller class sizes and reduced total student loads are a relevant working condition simultaneously influencing teacher recruitment and retention ; that is, providing smaller classes may partly offset the need for higher wages for recruiting or retaining teachers.
Research-Based Options for Education Policymaking: The Effectiveness of Class Size Reduction. The research brief outlines the benefits of smaller classes in terms of student achievement, graduation rates and non-cognitive skills.
Analyses of school finance reforms reveal that a 10 percent increase in per-pupil spending each year for all twelve years of public schooling leads to 0. Higher spending increases were associated with notable improvements in measured school inputs, including reductions in student-to-teacher ratios, increases in teacher salaries, and longer school years.
Class size and academic results, with a focus on children from culturally, linguistically and economically disenfranchised communities. Evidence Base, issue 1, In this research summary, the author examined class size reduction and its effect on student achievement by analyzing peer-reviewed studies, and showed that the overwhelming majority of these studies found that smaller classes have a significant impact on student achievement and narrowing the achievement gap.
Does Class Size Matter? Smaller classes are particularly effective at raising achievement levels of low-income and minority children.
Policymakers should carefully weigh the efficacy of class-size policy against other potential uses of funds.
While lower class size has a demonstrable cost, it may prove the more cost-effective policy overall. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management 32 4: Among those students with the lowest predicted probability of attending college, a small class increased rate of college attendance by 11 percentage points.
Attending a small class also increases the probability of earning a college degree, and to shift students toward earning degrees in high-earning fields such as science, technology, engineering and mathematics STEMbusiness and economics. Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, 37 4.
Evidence shows that Black students benefit more than others from reduced class size in first- second- and third-grade academic achievement, substantially narrowing the achievement gap.
What do we Know? Ontario Institute for Studies in Education. Classroom observations were undertaken at grades K-3, along with teacher surveys and parent surveys, the latter from every school district in Ontario. Input and student achievement: Journal of Human Resources, A summary of the effects of smaller classes on the achievement gap through eighth grade.
Effects significant in all tested subjects, and for students in smaller classes for four years, very substantial. Thus, class size reduction appears to be an intervention that increases the achievement levels for all students while simultaneously reducing the achievement gap.
Journal of Urban Economics, Vol. Empirical findings indicate that class-size expansion may reduce gains for low-effort students more than for high-effort students, Results here…suggest …that larger gains for disadvantaged students may have occurred because small classes allow teachers to incentivize disengaged students more effectively, or because students are better able connect to the school setting in small classes.
Bridging the Achievement Gap: Learning from three charter schools part 1part 2part 3part 4. Columbia University Doctoral Dissertation. Small classes and small overall student loads allow teachers to spend more time working with individual students to help them track their own progress and develop their skills — thus reinforcing the principle that effort yields success.
Achievement Differences and School Type:BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE. Drew Morton is an Assistant Professor of Mass Communication at Texas A&M University-Texarkana. He the co-editor and co-founder of [in]Transition: Journal of Videographic Film and Moving Image Studies, the first peer-reviewed academic journal focused on the visual essay and all of its forms (co-presented by MediaCommons and Cinema Journal).
Equal pay for equal work is the concept of labor rights that individuals in the same workplace be given equal pay. It is most commonly used in the context of sexual discrimination, in relation to the gender pay heartoftexashop.com pay relates to the full range of payments and benefits, including basic pay, non-salary payments, bonuses and .
Aug 20, · Almost anyone who loves tennis and follows the men’s tour on television has, over the last few years, had what might be termed Federer Moments. . Published: Mon, 5 Dec Public health, the new ideology may be taken to mean the promotion of healthy lifestyles linked to behaviour and individual responsibility supported by government action; whereas traditionally the description tended to relate more to sanitary reform and ‘healthy conditions’.
The Spirit of the Times: Progress and Industrialization During Stalin’s Five-Year Plans - In the USSR, during the first of Joseph Stalin’s five-year plans, it was a cutthroat, hard working place in time.
Class Size Reduction Research. A somewhat shorter version of this bibliography can be downloaded here.. Jump to: Smaller classes, higher achievement and narrowing the opportunity gap.