In antiquity, the Great Pyramid of Giza the only wonder from the original list still standingthe statue of Zeus at Olympia, the Colossus of Rhodes a new gigantic, version of which is being built todayand others were among the occupants of the list. In fact, it is not a single wonder, but a whole list of them, but they all revolve around one question: Why do people hate Jews?
Classical period[ edit ] Early animosity towards Jews[ edit ] Louis H. Feldman argues that "we must take issue with the communis sensus that the pagan writers are predominantly anti-Semitic".
Feldman concedes that after Manetho "the picture usually painted is one of universal and virulent anti-Judaism".
The first clear examples of anti-Jewish sentiment can be traced back to Alexandria in the 3rd century BCE.
Manethoan Egyptian priest and historian of that time, wrote scathingly of the Jews and his themes are repeated in the works of ChaeremonLysimachusPoseidoniusApollonius Molonand in Apion and Tacitus. Hecataeus of Abderaa Greek A brief history of christian anti semitism of the early third century BCE, wrote that Moses "in remembrance of the exile of his people, instituted for them a misanthropic and inhospitable way of life".
Manethoan Egyptian historian, wrote that the Jews were expelled Egyptian lepers who had been taught by Moses "not to adore the gods. Agatharchides of Cnidus wrote about the "ridiculous practices" of the Jews and of the "absurdity of their Law", and how Ptolemy Lagus was able to invade Jerusalem in BC because its inhabitants were observing the Sabbath.
Statements exhibiting prejudice towards Jews and their religion can also be found in the works of a few pagan Greek and Roman writers,  but the earliest occurrence of antisemitism has been the subject of debate among scholars, largely because different writers use different definitions of antisemitism.
The terms " religious antisemitism " and " anti-Judaism " are sometimes used to refer to animosity towards Judaism as a religion rather than to Jews defined as an ethnic or racial group.
Roman Empire[ edit ] Relations between the Jews in Palestine and the occupying Roman Empire were antagonistic from the very start and resulted in several rebellions.
According to the Roman historian SuetoniusTiberius tried to suppress all foreign religions.
In the case of Jews, he sent young Jewish men, under the pretence of military service, to provinces noted for their unhealthy climate. He dismissed all other Jews from the city, under threat of life slavery for non-compliance.
Four thousand were sent to Sardinia but more, who were unwilling to become soldiers, were punished. Cassius Dio reports that Tiberius banished most of the Jews, who had been attempting to convert Romans to their religion.
Some accommodation, in fact, was later made with Judaism, and the Jews of the Diaspora had privileges that others did not. Unlike other subjects of the Roman Empire, they had the right to maintain their religion and were not expected to accommodate themselves to local customs.
And although Hadrian outlawed circumcision as a mutilation normally visited on people unable to consent, he later exempted the Jews. It has been argued that European antisemitism has its roots in Roman policy. Antisemitism in the New Testament Although the majority of the New Testament was written, ostensibly, by Jews who became followers of Jesusthere are a number of passages in the New Testament that some see as antisemitic, or that have been used for antisemitic purposes, including: He was a murderer from the beginning, and has nothing to do with the truth, because there is no truth in him.
As your fathers did, so do you. Which of the prophets did your fathers not persecute? And they killed those who announced beforehand the coming of the Righteous One, whom you have now betrayed and murdered, you who received the law as delivered by angels and did not keep it.
However, the relationship between the followers of the new religion Islam and the Jews of Medina later became bitter. At this point the Quran instructs Muhammad to change the direction of prayer from Jerusalem to Meccaand from this point on, the tone of the verses of the Quran become increasingly hostile towards Jewry.
Antisemitism in early Christianity Attacks on synagogues[ edit ] When Christianity became the state religion of Rome in the 4th century, Jews became the object of religious intolerance and political oppression. Christian literature began to display extreme hostility towards Jews, which occasionally resulted in attacks and the burning of synagogues.
This hostility was reflected in the edicts both of church councils and state laws. In the early 4th century, intermarriage between unconverted Jews and Christians was prohibited under the provisions of the Synod of Elvira.
The conversion of Christians to Judaism was outlawed. Discrimination became worse in the 5th century. The edicts of the Codex Theodosianus barred Jews from the civil service, the army and the legal profession.Racism has existed throughout human history.
It may be defined as the hatred of one person by another — or the belief that another person is less than human — because of skin color, language, customs, place of birth or any factor that supposedly reveals the basic nature of that person.
Encyclopedia of Jewish and Israeli history, politics and culture, with biographies, statistics, articles and documents on topics from anti-Semitism to Zionism. Semitism has a long history, extending back to the Greco-Roman world and culminating in the Nazi Holocaust.
Before the nineteenth century, most anti-Semitism was religiously motivated, based on oft-repeated Christian. The History of the church in relation to Israel Church History - the origins of Anti-Semitism - the Crusades and the Crusaders - the Spanish Inquisition - the Pogroms in Russia - the Holocaust In the two millennia that have passed Since the founding of the Christian church it has moved a long way from its roots.
1 Reading 3B BRIEF HISTORY OF ANTI-SEMITISM Questions: 1. How did Jews maintain a community after being scattered throughout Europe? 2. How and why did the early Christians set themselves apart from other Jews? Christianity and antisemitism deals with the hostility of Christian Churches, Christian groups, Without the long history of Christian anti-Judaism and Christian violence against Jews, Nazi ideology could not have taken hold nor could it have been carried out.
While not directly indicative of anti-semitism.